Extreme Lipoprotein(a) Levels and Risk of Myocardial Infarction in the General Population: The Copenhagen City Heart Study

P. R. Kamstrup, M. Benn, A. Tybjaerg-Hansen, B. G. Nordestgaard
2007 Circulation  
Background-Elevated lipoprotein(a) levels are associated with myocardial infarction (MI) in some but not all studies. Limitations of previous studies include lack of risk estimates for extreme lipoprotein(a) levels, measurements in long-term frozen samples, no correction for regression dilution bias, and lack of absolute risk estimates in the general population. We tested the hypothesis that extreme lipoprotein(a) levels predict MI in the general population, measuring levels shortly after
more » ... ng, correcting for regression dilution bias, and calculating hazard ratios and absolute risk estimates. Methods and Results-We examined 9330 men and women from the general population in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. During 10 years of follow-up, 498 participants developed MI. In women, multifactorially adjusted hazard ratios for MI for elevated lipoprotein(a) levels were 1.1 (95% CI, 0.6 to 1.9) for 5 to 29 mg/dL (22nd to 66th percentile), 1.7 (1.0 to 3.1) for 30 to 84 mg/dL (67th to 89th percentile), 2.6 (1.2 to 5.9) for 85 to 119 mg/dL (90th to 95th percentile), and 3.6 (1.7 to 7.7) for Ն120 mg/dL (Ͼ95th percentile) versus levels Ͻ5 mg/dL (Ͻ22nd percentile). Equivalent values in men were 1.5 (0.9 to 2.3), 1.6 (1.0 to 2.6), 2.6 (1.2 to 5.5), and 3.7 (1.7 to 8.0). Absolute 10-year risks of MI were 10% and 20% in smoking, hypertensive women aged Ͼ60 years with lipoprotein(a) levels of Ͻ5 and Ն120 mg/dL, respectively. Equivalent values in men were 19% and 35%. Conclusions-We observed a stepwise increase in risk of MI with increasing levels of lipoprotein(a), with no evidence of a threshold effect. Extreme lipoprotein(a) levels predict a 3-to 4-fold increase in risk of MI in the general population and absolute 10-year risks of 20% and 35% in high-risk women and men. (Circulation. 2008;117:176-184.)
doi:10.1161/circulationaha.107.715698 pmid:18086931 fatcat:wpay4htgerhx7cpajn5ss4dxfa