Fatigue in the U.S. Workforce: Prevalence and Implications for Lost Productive Work Time

Judith A. Ricci, Elsbeth Chee, Amy L. Lorandeau, Jan Berger
2007 Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine  
Recall the prevalence of fatigue in this national cross-sectional telephone survey of US workers, and how its presence affected workers' health status and quality of life. • Outline the ways in which fatigue interacted with other health disorders to increase lost productive work time (the sum of self-reported absenteeism and presenteeism) and its monetary cost. • List possible mechanisms by which fatigue may increase functional impairment caused by other adverse health conditions. Abstract
more » ... ions. Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate fatigue prevalence and associated health-related lost productive time (LPT) in U.S. workers. Methods: Fatigue prevalence, LPT due to fatigue, and LPT for any health-related reason (in hours and dollars) were measured in a national cross-sectional telephone survey of U.S. workers. Results: The 2-week period prevalence of fatigue was 37.9%. Of workers with fatigue, 65.7% reported health-related LPT compared with 26.4% of those without fatigue. Workers with fatigue cost employers $136.4 billion annually in health-related LPT, an excess of $101.0 billion compared with workers without fatigue. Fatigue frequently co-occurs with other conditions and, when present, is associated with a threefold increase, on average, in the proportion of workers with condition-specific LPT. Conclusions: Fatigue is prevalent in the U.S. workforce. When occurring with other health conditions, it is associated with significantly more condition-specific LPT. (J Occup Environ Med.
doi:10.1097/01.jom.0000249782.60321.2a pmid:17215708 fatcat:mthexgl4hrfs7hplhbqhmip47u