Algorithmic species

Cedric Nugteren, Pieter Custers, Henk Corporaal
2013 ACM Transactions on Architecture and Code Optimization (TACO)  
Code generation and programming have become ever more challenging over the last decade due to the shift towards parallel processing. Emerging processor architectures such as multi-cores and GPUs exploit increasingly parallelism, requiring programmers and compilers to deal with aspects such as threading, concurrency, synchronization, and complex memory partitioning. We advocate that programmers and compilers can greatly benefit from a structured classification of program code. Such a
more » ... on can help programmers to find opportunities for parallelization, reason about their code, and interact with other programmers. Similarly, parallelising compilers and source-to-source compilers can take threading and optimization decisions based on the same classification. In this work, we introduce algorithmic species, a classification of affine loop nests based on the polyhedral model and targeted for both automatic and manual use. Individual classes capture information such as the structure of parallelism and the data reuse. To make the classification applicable for manual use, a basic vocabulary forms the base for the creation of a set of intuitive classes. To demonstrate the use of algorithmic species, we identify 115 classes in a benchmark set. Additionally, we demonstrate the suitability of algorithmic species for automated uses by showing a tool to automatically extract species from program code, a species-based source-to-source compiler, and a species-based performance prediction model.
doi:10.1145/2400682.2400699 fatcat:gh6yxgfdufhh5lbfmrkuyzxkja