Modelling and simulation of a thrombectomy probe applied to the middle cerebral artery by using the bond graph technique
Proceedings of the 2010 Spring Simulation Multiconference on - SpringSim '10
Thrombosis is produced by the formation of a clot inside blood vessels causing an abrupt interruption of the blood flow. In the cerebral arteries, this occlusion can take place due to the presence of a clot that has formed at another location of greater diameter. It then obstructs the cerebral artery due to its smaller cross section. The process concerning the removal of this obstruction involves catheterisation. The experimental probe under study in this paper was developed by Dr G. Pearce and
... by Dr G. Pearce and Reverend Neil Perkinson . The probe, which when developed further may form the basis of a new Thrombectomy Aspiration Device (TAD) is called the GPTAD. Once fully developed, the GPTAD may provide a means of clot removal from vessels in the human arterial system e.g. the cerebral vessels. The modelling that we present in this paper, taking into account the catheter, the probe, artery, blood clot and adhesion forces, may assist with the optimisation of the design of the GPTAD probe . In the model used for the simulation both mechanical and hydraulic aspects have been considered with the purpose of combining the effect of the fluid-blood transmission for the different sections of the vein and the catheter.