Effect of hysteresis in JET ITB plasma with LHCD
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
A strong ITB was sustained in a reversed shear discharge in JET during a long time interval after a significant reduction in plasma heating power. The observed ITB evolution is reminiscent of the effect of hysteresis, associated in theory with turbulence suppression due to shear of the plasma rotation. The mechanism of ITB sustainment was analysed. Modelling of the plasma heating and current profile was done using the TRANSP and JETTO transport codes. The resulting q-profile evolution was
... evolution was verified by comparison with the pitch angle δ = B p /B t deduced from motional Stark effect measurements (where B p and B t are the poloidal and toroidal magnetic field, respectively). Turbulence stability was analysed using the gyro-kinetic code Kinezero. It was shown that the strong negative magnetic shear produced by LHCD and sustained mainly by the bootstrap current in the plasma core is responsible for the turbulence stabilization. Stabilization due to shear of the plasma rotation and finite β-stabilization play a complimentary role. The effect of bootstrap and LH driven currents on magnetic shear in JET discharges was analysed.