Rural-Urban Migration of Working in the Elbasan District

Jonida Biçoku, Fatmir Memaj
Most indicators of social-economic welfare in Elbasan region show a duality that shows a big difference between rural-urban areas, for indicators such as: living standards including health, income and access of different types of employment. As a result of high rates of growth population is noted involvement of young people entering every year in the labor force. In order to employ the large number of young people, able to work, Elbasan district should create hundreds of job opportunities every
more » ... year for new entrants in the labor force. Considering the large number of new entrants in the labor force, entering every year is shown unemployment rate. I have made my choice to realize my scientific research in the field of rural-urban migration. I ask partly growing academic interest in the study of internal migration in less developed countries. 1. The Aim of Topic Giving the well-known difficulties that face the population of the district of Elbasan in finding a productive employment, it is important to study the characteristics of workers who migrate from rural areas to urban areas. Youth in rural, where the economic base is largely concentrated in agriculture, face with different problems of employment from those which faced the young people in urban areas, where the economic base is more variable. It is also important to examine what strategies follow the young people, men and women who live in rural areas where they face with limited economic opportunities. Most of research questions is related with the context of the village. What are the effects of migration in origin's villages? How do they cover the rural areas absence of a good part of population, especially the male? What are the effects of remittances on life's village and economy? What's the role of the returns from migration in the process of village modernization? These are the keys of the research questions in this thesis. Some of these research questions will be answered through specific quantitative data, others from secondary sources or what is more important from specific studies. Some of the questions will be answered by intuitive side or interpretative, interpretation of the results of questionnaires. The study that is made through questionnaires and through case studies that will ensure the socioeconomic profile of migrants, their motivations to migrate, and aspirations for the future. The main purpose of the study is to analyze the strategy that has been selected by rural migrants who face with limited economic opportunities in their villages, that is: rural-urban migration.