Influence of age and length of service on the level of stress and burnout syndrome

Kosana Stanetic, Gordana Tesanovic
2013 Medicinski pregled  
Introduction. The burnout syndrome is a response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors which are related to workplace. Medicine is one of the professions at the greatest risk of suffering from burnout syndrome. The aim of this study was to assess the presence of stress and burnout syndrome in relation with age and length of service in the family medicine physicians in the Republic of Srpska. Material and Methods. The study was carried out on the basis of a questionnaire survey among
more » ... naire survey among family medicine physicians in seven Primary Health Care Centres in the Republic of Srpska from February 1 st to April 30 th 2010. The participants fulfilled the questionnaire for self-assessment of stress level and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, which were amended with data regarding age, sex, length of service and educational and vocational level. Results. The study included 199 (83.3%) female and 40 (16.7%) male participants. The physicians aged over 46 years and with the length of service over 21 years had statistically significant higher level of stress and emotional exhaustion than younger participants and participants with shorter length of service. Conclusion. Age and length of service have important influence on the level of stress and burnout syndrome: the older the physicians and the higher the length of service the higher the level of stress and the higher the risk of burnout syndrome. Sažetak Uvod. Sindrom sagorevanja na poslu je odgovor na hronične emocionalne i međuljudske stresore koji su povezani sa radnim mestom. Zdravstveni radnici se bave jednom od profesija s najvećim rizikom za obolevanje od ovog sindroma. Cilj istraživanja bio je ispitivanje uticaja životnog doba i dužine radnog staža na nivo stresa i sindroma sagorevanja na poslu kod lekara porodične medicine u Republici Srpskoj. Material i metode. Istraživanje je sprovedeno metodom anketiranja lekara porodične medicine u sedam domova zdravlja u Republici Srpskoj i lekara na specijalizaciji iz porodične medicine u periodu od 1. februara do 30. aprila 2010. godine. Ispitanici su popunjavali anketni upitnik za samoprocenu nivoa stresa i Maslach Burnout Invetory koji su dopunjeni podacima o godinama, polu, dužini radnog staža i stepenu obrazovanja. Rezultati. Istraživanjem je obuhvaćeno 199 (83,3%) lekara ženskog i 40 lekara (16,7%) muškog pola. Lekari životnog doba preko 46 godina i sa dužinom radnog staža preko 21 godinu imali su statistički značajno veći nivo stresa i emocionalne iscrpljenosti u odnosu na ispitanike mlađeg životnog doba i sa manjom dužinom radnog staža. Zaključak. Životno doba i dužina radnog staža imaju značajan uticaj na nivo stresa i sindroma sagorevanja na poslu tako da se pokazalo da su lekari starijeg životnog doba i sa većom dužinom radnog staža imali veći nivo stresa i veći rizik od sindroma sagorevanja na poslu.
doi:10.2298/mpns1304153s pmid:23653994 fatcat:uyilfpo44jey7ibjsw4lsvxhxy