Factors Affecting Scholastic Achievement Among School Children In A Slum Area
Amany Sobhy Sorour
Egyptian Journal of Health Care
Slums are areas constitute broad social and health disadvantages to children due to extreme poverty, in addition to limited access to basic health and education services, and other hardships. The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting scholastic achievement among school children in a slum area. Research design: A descriptive crosssectional design was carried out in preparatory schools in Manshiat Naser on a multistage stratified cluster sample of 200 school children. Tools of
... ata collection was an interview that included selected domains of the Global Risk Assessment Device, namely substance abuse , health services, accountability, sociability and education. The fieldwork lasted from the beginning of October to the end of December 2015. Results: School children age ranged between 13 and 15 years with more males (56%), the failed school children had higher percentages of males, older age, higher school grade, non-educated fathers, older age mothers, with rural residence, and insufficient income. Statistically significant associations among the educational (p<0.001), accountability (p<0.001), and health care (p<0.001) factors with school achievement. It can be noticed that these three factors were higher among failed school children. In multivariate analysis, the risk factors predicting academic failure were a higher school grade, and higher scores of educational, accountability, and health care factors. It is evident that the educational factors are the most influential (Odds Ratio [OR] 186.52), followed by the accountability factors (OR 37.34). Conclusion and Recommendation: The school performance of school children in slum area is most influenced by accountability, educational and health care factors, in addition to higher school grade. The strong inter-relations among these domains should be taken into account in any trial to improve the educational system in schools. The substance abuse-related factors need to be revisited given the possibility of under-reporting. Intervention studies are needed to investigate the effectiveness of school-based programs addressing these identified factors in improving school performance among these adolescents. Couwenbergh C., Van Der Gaag R.J., Koeter M., De Ruiter C., and Van den Brink W. (2009): Screening for substance abuse among adolescents validity of the CAGE-AID in youth mental health care. Subst Use Misuse.;44(6):823-34. (2013): Chronic health conditions and school performance among children and youth. Ann Epidemiol.;23(4):179-84.