PRL Antiapoptotic Effect in the Rat Decidua Involves the PI3K/Protein Kinase B-Mediated Inhibition of Caspase-3 Activity

C. Tessier
2001 Endocrinology  
During gestation, the uterus undergoes severe changes to accommodate and protect the developing conceptus. In particular, stromal endometrial cells proliferate and differentiate to form the decidual tissue, which produces PRL. Once the conceptus begins to grow, extensive regression by apoptosis take place in the decidua coincident with the loss of the PRL receptor in this tissue. In this report we have established for the first time that PRL, acting through the long form of the PRL receptor and
more » ... he PRL receptor and the PI3K pathway, exerts an antiapoptotic effect in rat decidua. We have also shown that protein kinase B phosphorylation on serine 473 as well as its nuclear translocation are stimulated by PRL in decidual cells. Moreover, we have found that caspase-3, a well known effector of apoptosis, becomes expressed and active in the rat decidua just at a time when this tissue undergoes extensive apoptosis. PRL was able to down-regulate both caspase-3 mRNA levels as well as activity. Furthermore, using a protein kinase B dominantnegative expression vector, we provide evidence that PRL inhibition of caspase-3 requires an intact protein kinase B pathway. Finally, we have also found that rat placental lactogen I and II dose-dependently inhibit caspase-3 mRNA, suggesting multiple sources of PRL in the hormonal control of rat decidual regression. In summary, the results of this study have defined an important role for decidual PRL in the normal progress of pregnancy, specifically in the regression and reorganization of the decidua. (Endocrinology 142: 4086 -4094, 2001)
doi:10.1210/en.142.9.4086 pmid:11517188 fatcat:7tcawid7qbbkhcx53waoamesq4