Octopus insularis as a new marine model for EvoDevo

Ernesto Maldonado, Emma Rangel-Huerta, Roberto González-Gómez, Gabriel Fajardo-Alvarado, Piedad S. Morillo-Velarde
2019 Biology Open  
Octopuses are intriguing organisms that, together with squids and cuttlefishes, form the extant coleoid cephalopods. This group includes many species that can potentially be used as models in the fields of biomedicine, developmental biology, evolution, neuroscience and even for robotics research. The purpose of this work is to first present a simple method for maintaining Octopus insularis embryos under a laboratory setup. Second, we show that these embryos are suitable for detailed analyses of
more » ... etailed analyses of specific traits that appear during developmental stages, including the eyes, hearts, arms, suckers, chromatophores and Kölliker's organs. Similar complex traits between cephalopods and vertebrates such as the visual, cardiovascular, neural and pigmentation systems are generally considered to be a result of parallel evolution. We propose that O. insularis embryos could be used as a model for evolutionary developmental biology (or EvoDevo) research, where comparisons of the morphogenetic steps in the building of equivalent organs between cephalopods and known vertebrate model systems could shed light on evolutionary convergences and deep homologies.
doi:10.1242/bio.046086 fatcat:ixulvkxv3bcknbespuzlch3kzy