Colorado Residency PCMH Project: Results From a 6-Year Transformation Effort

Douglas Fernald, Tristen Hall, Linda Montgomery, Chandra Hartman, Bonnie Jortberg, Emilie Buscaj, Jaclyn King, Miriam Dickinson, W. Perry Dickinson
2019 Family Medicine  
and Objectives: Our objective was to describe the results of a 6-year patient-centered medical home (PCMH) transformation program in 11 Colorado primary care residency practices. Methods: We used a parallel qualitative and quantitative evaluation including cross-sectional surveys of practice staff and clinicians, group and individual interviews, meeting notes, and longitudinal practice facilitator field notes. Survey analyses assessed change over time, adjusting for practice-level random
more » ... . Qualitative data analysis used iterative template coding and matrix analyses to synthesize data over time and across cases. Results: There were significant improvements in clinicians' self-reported routine delivery of patient-centered care, team-based care, self-management support, and use of information systems (P<.0001). Clinicians and staff reported significant gains in practice change culture (P=.001). Self-reported practice-level assessments pointed to additional significant improvements in quality improvement (QI) processes, continuity of care, self-management support/care coordination, and the use of data and population management (P≤.0215). Practices and their practice facilitators reported important changes in how practices operated, significantly improving their QI processes, shared leadership, change culture, and achieving Level III PCMH NCQA Recognition. Important barriers to further progress remain, including inadequate payment models, inflexible staff roles, and difficult access to clinical data. Conclusions: The success of these 11 primary care residency practices in making significant improvements in their delivery of patient-centered care, team-based care, self-management support, and use of information systems took time, effort, and external support. Further practice redesign for advanced primary care models will take sustained sources of well-aligned support, flexibility, shared leadership, and partnerships across residency programs for collaborative learning to assist in their transformation efforts.
doi:10.22454/fammed.2019.928558 pmid:31125420 fatcat:p6mmv3puazcgbcn6h3yhzted5q