The Use of Bioactive Polymers for Intervention and Tissue Engineering: The New Frontier for Cardiovascular Therapy

Francesco Nappi, Antonio Nenna, Domenico Larobina, Giorgia Martuscelli, Sanjeet Singh Avtaar Singh, Massimo Chello, Luigi Ambrosio
<span title="2021-01-30">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Polymers</a> </i> &nbsp;
Coronary heart disease remains one of the leading causes of death in most countries. Healthcare improvements have seen a shift in the presentation of disease with a reducing number of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs), largely due to earlier reperfusion strategies such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Stents have revolutionized the care of these patients, but the long-term effects of these devices have been brought to the fore. The conceptual and technologic
more &raquo; ... ion of these devices from bare-metal stents led to the creation and wide application of drug-eluting stents; further research introduced the idea of polymer-based resorbable stents. We look at the evolution of stents and the multiple advantages and disadvantages offered by each of the different polymers used to make stents in order to identify what the stent of the future may consist of whilst highlighting properties that are beneficial to the patient alongside the role of the surgeon, the cardiologist, engineers, chemists, and biophysicists in creating the ideal stent.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.3390/polym13030446</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:33573282</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmcid:PMC7866823</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:q54jgagnlvghfeziz6xlgb6lna</a> </span>
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