Acharya A.M.
2013 Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences  
BACKGROUND Fatty liver disease or non-alcoholic steatosis affects a growing number of the adult diabetic population in developed countries. The main aim of this study was to understand the correlation of fatty liver disease in diabetics with its relation to dyslipidaemia, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and increased BMI. MATERIALS AND METHODS This is a retrospective cross-sectional study carried out in a tertiary hospital in Karad, Maharashtra, India, to evaluate the incidence of non-alcoholic
more » ... of non-alcoholic steatosis (Fatty liver) in non-alcoholic Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients. Diagnosis of fatty liver was made on the basis of ultrasonography. This screening included a total of 100 randomly chosen diabetic patients. Of these 60 were male and 40 were female. RESULTS The study subjects' BMI, lipid profile, HbA1c and USG was done to evaluate the co-relation between fatty liver, dyslipidaemia and increased BMI. There was a high incidence of dyslipidaemia, increased BMI and poor glycaemic control was noted in the subjects who had fatty liver. In this study, the females were known to have a higher incidence of fatty liver in comparison to males (56.5% females and 43.47% males). CONCLUSION This study concluded that there was a significant co-relation of fatty liver with diabetes mellitus type 2. There was also an increased incidence of fatty liver in diabetics with dyslipidaemia or poor glycaemic control or increased BMI. This screening process also suggests that the diabetic patients who were shown to have fatty liver had other co-morbidities, which could be a risk factor for progression of the disease. HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Patange A, Rao S, Desai P, et al. Study of non-alcoholic steatosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a tertiary hospital.
doi:10.14260/jemds/581 fatcat:jlfeb2y7b5d37ihhbkrawask4i