Violence against women during pregnancy and postpartum period: a mixed methods study protocol
IntroductionViolence against women is a public health problem that poses serious consequences for victims and their environments. The healthcare system struggles to assess this phenomenon during prenatal and postpartum care because of pregnant and postpartum women's potential vulnerabilities. The research protocol presents the aims to evaluate the prevalence of violence, the period(s) in which it occurs, aggressors and forms it takes as well as to explore how violence against women is perceived
... among pregnant and postpartum women.Methods and analysisThis mixed methods study protocol uses an explanatory sequential design and is based on the establishment of meta-inferences that result from the combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches. Probabilistic sampling will be used to select the study participants: 584 women attending prenatal and/or postpartum care outpatient services at the University of Campinas Women's Hospital, Brazil. The quantitative approach will consist of four validated questionnaires, and the qualitative approach will use focus groups that serve to deepen the understanding of participants' views about the study topic. To create the focus groups, 72 study participants will be invited and divided into 6 groups (3 adolescents and 3 adults) based on age and pregnancy/postpartum condition. Descriptive analysis of sociodemographic characteristics and questionnaire results will be used to identify the prevalence and forms of violence experienced by women during the pregnancy-puerperal cycle, the relationships between women and their aggressors, and the existence of a history of violence. A bivariate and multivariate analysis will be performed to identify the association between sociodemographic factors and violence as an outcome. Qualitative data will be analysed through Grounded Theory to understand women's perceptions of the phenomenon studied.Ethics and disseminationThe research protocol was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the University of Campinas, Brazil number CAAE: 13426819.1.0000.5404. The results will be disseminated to the health science community.