Dabigatran: An Oral Novel Potent Reversible Nonpeptide Inhibitor of Thrombin

W. G. Eisert, N. Hauel, J. Stangier, W. Wienen, A. Clemens, J. van Ryn
2010 Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology  
Dabigatran is a highly selective, reversible, and potent thrombin inhibitor and is orally available as the prodrug, dabigatran etexilate. It has shown antithrombotic efficacy in animal models of thrombosis, with a rapid onset of action and predictable pharmacodynamic response. Peak plasma concentrations of dabigatran occur 1 to 2 hours after ingestion of the prodrug. The terminal half-life of dabigatran is 12 to 14 hours in elderly volunteers. Dabigatran is not metabolized by cytochrome P450
more » ... enzymes and does not interact with food. Dabigatran has a low potential for drug-drug interactions and is predominantly renally excreted. Dabigatran etexilate as chronic therapy effectively prevents the recurrence of venous thromboembolism and cardioembolic stroke. For the first time, it has been demonstrated clinically that there may be an effective and safe alternative to warfarin. (Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2010;30:00-00.)
doi:10.1161/atvbaha.110.203604 pmid:20671233 fatcat:uemg6zxih5fftf6kifrykfh5fq