Medical News

1891 The Lancet  
Opening of the New Library of the Faculty of Medicine. On Monday, the 14th inst., without any semblance of ceremonies, the doors of the splendid new library, which now replaces the dingy old room hitherto available, were thrown -open to students of the Faculty. Notwithstanding its defects-and these exist, notably in the matter of daylight -the new library is a vast improvement on the old one, and workers are now provided with a well-aired, spacious, and comfortable locale wherein to pursue
more » ... rein to pursue their studies and bibliographical researches. There are in the central reading -room 246 numbered seats, as against 'fifby-four provided in an adjoining room, admission to which is limited to professors, students preparing their inaugural theses', and others armed with special tickets. Modern improvements, such ag the electric light and the telephone, are utilised, the latter apparatus allowing of orders being transmitted from one part of the library to the .-other. The admirable regulations obtaining at the Bibliotheque Nationale have been adopted at the Faculty. They areas follows :-After having deposited in the free cloakroom such impedimenta as umbrellas, walking-sticks, overcoats, &c., the reader chooses his place; he then inscribes .his name and address, the number of the seat he occupies, and the title of the volume he wishes to borrow on a 'dated form provided for the purpose. This form he 'hands to a librarian, who supplies him with the book or ':books applied for. On retiring the reader returns the volume lent to the librarian, who effaces the form. On leaving the building the obliterated bulletin is remitted to the porter at the door. To guide the authoiities in the cselection of works, of which a large supply of copies is in request, a register is kept, in which a list of volumes non-,procurable at the library is inscribed by disappointad readers. The library of the Paris Faculty is a veritable 'beehive, no less than 2'10,000 readers consulting annually within its walls 1,500.000 volumes. I am greatly mistaken if these formidable figures are not farther increased n the near future, for it was assaredly not a treat to sit for many consecutive hours, as I have done, f.n the depressing atmosphere of the now happily diicarded room where so many thousands of theses have been written. This venerable old Faculty is making distinct advances in "n;he right direction, and we may reasonably predicb for it a revival of the renown it enjoyed in the pa.lmy days when medical education was not considered complete unless some t'lime had been passed within its folds. Honoursfor British Medical Men at the Académie de Médecíne. Your readers learned from last week's correspondence that the Alvarenga prize had been divided between Dr. Bateman of Norwich and Dr. Loguen of Paris. It is only fair to our distinguished compatriot to rectify an error in qualifying his important work of 400 pages as a paper. It may not be generally known that Dr. Biteman is a French officier de sante. For the Prix Daudet there were ten competitors. The prize wag not awarded, but 1000 francs were -equally divided tc titre d'encouragement between Dur. James Berry, surgeon to the Royal Free Hospital, London, and a ee I g iya'n8 practitioner. The subject was "Goitre: its surgical treatment and the immediate and remote consequences of this treatment." " The Scalenus Muscle. The majority of English anatomists will be inclined t( characterise the above heading as a piece of profanity. anc this sentiment will probably be shared bv pupils of Henl< in Germany and Sapp6 in France. In effect, English anc German anatomists count three distinct scaleni muscles while in this country we are content with two. If we an 'to believe M. Sebileau (Socie'e de Biologie, Dc. 12th), th old idea that there exists in reality only one scalenu muscle is the correct one. According to him, this singl muscle splits below in order to give passage to th brachial plexus and the subclavian artery. He adduce s proof of his contention the following reasons :-. The unifJrmity of the insertion of the scalenic mass 2. The frequent existence of anastomotic fasciculi between the anterior and the postecior scaleni. 3. The splitting sometimes observed of the anterior scalenus for the passage of the subclavian artery. 4. The passage in certain subjects of the brachial plexus through the scalenus posticus. 5. The fusion over the pleural dome of the. pleuro-transverse muscle and the costo-pleural ligament. M. Sebileau regards the scalenus muscle as a group of intercostal muscles. Ib is, in fact, a long cervical in tercostal, being inserted at both ends into iibs, above to the anterior tubercle of a transverse process-a rudimentary rib. Burried Alive. It is not often that the horrible incident of a person being buried while in the lethargic state has to be recorded. The Radical of Nov. 17th is responsible for the following narrative of such an accident which occurred to a young woman aged twenty-two, a native of Mirabel, in the canton of Caussade. Seized with syncope after being delivered of a child, the friends, believing her to be dead, registered the death, and made arrangements for the funeral. Bab no sooner had the unfjrtunace woman been laid under the sod than the person who had "laid her out" made a statement to the effect that when she performel this duty she noticed that the parb of the bed on which the body lay was still warm. A doctor was immediately sent for and the body exhumed. As signs of vitality were still present, ineffectual efforts were made to resuscitate the poor woman, who breathed her last in the cemetery-asphyxiated. In commenting on this regrettable incident, the Progrès Medical remarks that such an accident would be rendered impossible were the practice of cremation adopted universally. Paris, Dec. 22nd. ________________ Medical News. UNIVERSITY OF LONDON. -The following candidates have been successful in the respective examinations for the degree of M. D. :-Ml3dicine.
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(02)04936-x fatcat:f2i4cvtbnzadllcnrfuarvkjai