The MATS Satellite Mission – Gravity Waves Studies by Mesospheric Airglow/Aerosol Tomography and Spectroscopy

Jörg Gumbel, Linda Megner, Ole Martin Christensen, Seunghyuk Chang, Joachim Dillner, Terese Ekebrand, Gabriel Giono, Arvid Hammar, Jonas Hedin, Nickolay Ivchenko, Bodil Karlsson, Mikael Kruse (+9 others)
2018 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Global three-dimensional data are a key to understanding gravity wave interactions in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere. MATS (Mesospheric Airglow/Aerosol Tomography and Spectroscopy) is a new Swedish satellite mission that addresses this need. It applies space-borne limb imaging in combination with tomographic and spectroscopic analysis to obtain gravity wave data on relevant spatial scales. Primary measurement targets are O<sub>2</sub> Atmospheric Band
more » ... and nightglow in the near infrared, and sunlight scattered from noctilucent clouds in the ultraviolet. While tomography provides horizontally and vertically resolved data, spectroscopy allows analysis in terms of mesospheric temperature, composition, and cloud properties. Based on these dynamical tracers, MATS will produce a climatology on wave spectra during a 2-year mission. Major scientific objectives concern a characterization of gravity waves and their interactions in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere, as well as their relationship to dynamical conditions in the lower and upper atmosphere. MATS is currently being prepared for launch in 2019. This paper provides an overview over scientific goals, measurement concepts, instruments, and analysis ideas.</p>
doi:10.5194/acp-2018-1162 fatcat:mexeumywqfh7lc2av56nfqcina