Is radiofrequency energy a necessary and safe complement to cryotherapy for successful pulmonary vein isolation?
Egyptian Heart Journal
Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation is considered the cornerstone of atrial fibrillation (AF) catheter ablation. PV isolation (PVI) by means of cryotherapy has emerged as a promising technique due to both a low thrombogenicity and reduced risk of PV stenosis. The evaluation (need/efficiency/safety) of hybrid therapy (defined as the use of cryotherapy followed by that of radiofrequency energy in a given patient) is the aim of the present study. Methods: Thirty-four consecutive patients (26 men, mean
... nts (26 men, mean age: 56.7 ± 9.3 years) with symptomatic drug-refractory paroxysmal AF underwent PVI using a balloon-cryotherapy (BCT). A maximum of four cryotherapy applications was applied per PV and disconnection assessed thereafter using a circular LASSO Ò catheter. When necessary, PV disconnection was then performed using a 4 mm irrigated-tip catheter. All patients underwent CT-scan evaluation before discharge to detect acute PV stenosis. Results: PVI could be achieved in all patients. Mean procedure duration was 230 ± 42 min and mean fluoroscopy time was 52 ± 13 min. Hybrid therapy was needed to achieve PVI in 26 of 34 (76%). With cryoablation solely, PVI was achieved in 90 of 136 (66%) targeted veins, efficacy being