Straightforward Strategies for the Preparation of NH-Sulfox­imines: A Serendipitous Story

James Bull, Renzo Luisi, Leonardo Degennaro
2017 Synlett : Accounts and Rapid Communications in Synthetic Organic Chemistry  
Sulfoximines are emerging as valuable new isosteres for use in medicinal chemistry, with the potential to modulate physicochemical properties. Recent developments in synthetic strategies have made the unprotected 'free' NH-sulfoximine group more readily available, facilitating further study. This account reviews approaches to NH-sulfoximines, with a focus on our contribution to the field. Starting from the development of catalytic strategies involving transition metals, more sustainable
more » ... sustainable metal-free processes have been discovered. In particular, the use of hypervalent iodine reagents to mediate NH-transfer to sulfoxides is described, along with an assessment of the substrate scope. Furthermore, a one-pot strategy to convert sulfides directly into NH-sulfoximines is discussed, with N- and O-transfer occurring under the reaction conditions. Mechanistic evidence for the new procedures is included as well as relevant synthetic applications that further exemplify the potential of these approaches.1 Introduction2 Strategies to Form NH-Sulfoximines Involving Transition-Metal Catalysts3 Metal-Free Strategies to Prepare NH-Sulfoximines4 Mechanistic Evidence for the Direct Synthesis of NH-Sulfoximines from Sulfoxides and Sulfides5 Further Applications6 Conclusion
doi:10.1055/s-0036-1590874 fatcat:53ttfgry25davbl5nsj2pf2okq