Prevalence of Transfusion Transmissible Infections in Donors and Utilization of Blood and Components in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Varsha T, Ashwini K, Uma Maheswaran E
2019 Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences  
A B S T R A C T BACKGROUND Blood transfusion has hazards of Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTI). Blood has several components whose separation, storage and utilization has brought down adverse reactions in recipients. This study aims at evaluating the prevalence of TTI in donors and the pattern of utilization of blood and its components in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS This is a retrospective descriptive study done between January to December 2017. Data regarding the screening of
more » ... he screening of blood, component separation, storage, utilization and discarding was collected and analysed. RESULTS Out of 4158 donations screened, prevalence of TTI was 38 (0.9%) and that of HBV and HCV was 36 (0.86%) and 2 (0.04%). None of them were positive for HIV, Syphilis and Malaria. Total blood units collected were 10,184. PRBC (32.87%) was the most utilized component followed by FFP (30.59%), Platelet (26.18%), WB (10.33%) and Cryoprecipitate (0.04%). Obstetric (45.42%) cases were most benefited. Out of 143 units discarded, 84 units (58.74%) were discarded due to sero-positivity. CONCLUSIONS This study analyses the prevalence of TTIs in a tertiary care centre over a period of one year and also emphasizes the appropriate and judicious use of blood and blood components.
doi:10.14260/jemds/2019/678 fatcat:ays3nxjo4ba5tpofqobrtpduvq