On Properties of a Regular Simplex Inscribed into a Ball

Mikhail Viktorovich Nevskii
2021 Modelirovanie i Analiz Informacionnyh Sistem  
Let $B$ be a Euclidean ball in ${\mathbb R}^n$ and let $C(B)$ be a space of continuos functions $f:B\to{\mathbb R}$ with the uniform norm $\|f\|_{C(B)}:=\max_{x\in B}|f(x)|.$ By $\Pi_1\left({\mathbb R}^n\right)$ we mean a set of polynomials of degree $\leq 1$, i.e., a set of linear functions upon ${\mathbb R}^n$. The interpolation projector $P:C(B)\to \Pi_1({\mathbb R}^n)$ with the nodes $x^{(j)}\in B$ is defined by the equalities $Pf\left(x^{(j)}\right)=f\left(x^{(j)}\right)$, $j=1,\ldots,
more » ... .The norm of $P$ as an operator from $C(B)$ to $C(B)$ can be calculated by the formula $\|P\|_B=\max_{x\in B}\sum |\lambda_j(x)|.$ Here $\lambda_j$ are the basic Lagrange polynomials corresponding to the $n$-dimensional nondegenerate simplex $S$ with the vertices $x^{(j)}$. Let $P^\prime$ be a projector having the nodes in the vertices of a regular simplex inscribed into the ball. We describe the points $y\in B$ with the property $\|P^\prime\|_B=\sum |\lambda_j(y)|$. Also we formulate some geometric conjecture which implies that $\|P^\prime\|_B$ is equal to the minimal norm of an interpolation projector with nodes in $B$. We prove that this conjecture holds true at least for $n=1,2,3,4$.
doi:10.18255/1818-1015-2021-2-186-197 fatcat:zvs6znju7bf2lolbmdh6czhusa