A model of the thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) receptor binding pocket. Evidence for a second direct interaction between transmembrane helix 3 and TRH

J H Perlman, L Laakkonen, R Osman, M C Gershengorn
1994 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The receptor for thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is a member of the seven-transmembrane-spanning, GTP-binding protein-coupled receptor family. We showed that tyrosine at position 106 in transmembrane helix 3 of the TRH receptor directly binds the ring carbonyl of the pyroglutamyl moiety of TRH (Perlman, J. H., Thaw, C. N., Laakkonen L., Bowers, C. Y., Osman, R., and Gershengorn, M. C. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 1610-1613). We now show that asparagine at position 110 of transmembrane helix 3
more » ... ansmembrane helix 3 directly interacts with the ring N-H of the TRH pyroglutamyl moiety. Based on these findings and evidence that two transmembrane arginines are important in binding, we developed a three-dimensional model of the TRH receptor binding pocket using molecular modeling and simulation programs. The model places the binding pocket for TRH within the transmembrane domains of the receptor and predicts that multiple hydrogen-bonding interactions are involved in binding TRH. To our knowledge, this is the first model, at an atomic level of detail, of the interaction of a peptide ligand with a GTP-binding protein-coupled receptor.
pmid:8089099 fatcat:ti4mdlopirclxoxk7re3uzfx5y