Low-temperature excitations within the Bethe approximation
Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
We propose the variational quantum cavity method to construct a minimal energy subspace of wave vectors that are used to obtain some upper bounds for the energy cost of the low-temperature excitations. Given a trial wave function we use the cavity method of statistical physics to estimate the Hamiltonian expectation and to find the optimal variational parameters in the subspace of wave vectors orthogonal to the lower-energy wave functions. To this end, we write the overlap between two wave
... ions within the Bethe approximation which allows us to replace the global orthogonality constraint with some local constraints on the variational parameters. The method is applied to the transverse Ising model and different levels of approximations are compared with the exact numerical solutions for small systems.