Segmental modeling using a continuous mixture of nonparametric models

J. Goldberger, D. Burshtein, H. Franco
1999 IEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing  
{ A major limitation of hidden Markov model (HMM)-based automatic speech recognition is the inherent assumption that successive observations within a state are independent and identically distributed (IID). The IID assumption is reasonable for some of the states (e.g., a state that corresponds to a steady state vowel). However, most states clearly violate this assumption (e.g. states corresponding to vowel-consonant transition, diphthongs, etc.) and are in fact characterized by a highly
more » ... by a highly correlated and non-stationary speech signal. In recent years, alternative models have been proposed, that attempt to describe the dynamics of the signal within a phonetic unit. The new approach is generally known by the name segmental modeling, since the speech signal is modeled on a segment level base and not on a frame base (such as HMM). We propose a family of new segmental models that are composed of two elements. The rst element is a non-parametric representation of the mean and variance trajectories, and the second is some parameterized transformation (e.g. random shift) of the trajectory that is global to the entire segment. The new model is in fact a continuous mixture of segment trajectories. We present recognition results on a large vocabulary task, and compare the model to alternative segment models on a triphone recognition task.
doi:10.1109/89.759032 fatcat:aqfzjdd2bnc2xnij23m4i67oza