External validation of VO2max prediction models based on recreational and elite endurance athletes [post]

Szczepan Wiecha, Przemysław Seweryn Kasiak, Igor Cieśliński, Tim Takken, Tomasz Pałka, Beat Knechtle, Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Łukasz A Małek, Marek Postuła, Artur Mamcarz, Daniel Śliż
2022 unpublished
In recent years, numerous prognostic models have been developed to predict VO2max. Nevertheless, their accuracy in endurance athletes (EA) stays mostly unvalidated. This study aimed to compare predicted VO2max (pVO2max) with directly measured VO2max.5,260 healthy adult EA underwent a maximal exertion cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) (84.76% male; age 34.6±9.5 yrs.; VO2max 52.97±7.39 mL·min-1·kg-1, BMI 23.59±2.73 kg·m-2). 13 models have been selected to establish pVO2max. Participants were
more » ... assified into four endurance subgroups (high-, recreational-, low- trained, and "transition") and four age subgroups (18-30, 31-45, 46-60, and ≥61 yrs.). Validation was performed according to TRIPOD guidelines. pVO2max was low-to-moderately associated with direct CPET measurements (p>0.05). Models with the highest accuracy were for males on a cycle ergometer (CE) (Kokkinos R2=0.64), females on CE (Kokkinos R2=0.65), males on a treadmill (TE) (Wasserman R2 =0.26), females on TE (Wasserman R2=0.30). However, selected models underestimated pVO2max for younger and higher trained EA and overestimated for older and lower trained EA. All equations demonstrated merely moderate accuracy and should only be used as a supplemental method for physicians to estimate CRF in EA. It is necessary to derive new models on EA populations to include routinely in clinical practice and sports diagnostic.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-1441930/v1 fatcat:plcr6bejhnb6xccr7azmptmyhu