Canadian and Austrian integration policy

Lisa Wewerka
2009 unpublished
This thesis compares the Austrian and Canadian integration policy with a special emphasis on education. It outlines three models of integration policy and their underlying integration concepts. Since the focus lays on the educational approach to immigrant incorporation, remedial language courses in the official language(s) and heritage language programs will be discussed. Integration will be measured by the economic mobility of the first and second generation of immigrants. Canada, which
more » ... an inclusionary pluralist integration policy, is more successful in integration, as measured by economic mobility than Austria. Although both countries have implemented similar educational programs to deal with the incorporation of students with mother tongues other than the official language(s), immigrant students achieve higher educational results in Canada than in Austria. The second generation in Austria mainly proceeds the socio-economic status of their parents which implies that Austria is a closed society. In contrast to Austria, Canadian society can be described as mobile with a great income elasticity of the first and second generation of immigrants. We can assume that integration programs in other policy fields diminish the impact of the discussed educational programs.
doi:10.25365/thesis.4222 fatcat:jez4dshyyva6xjlvtruh3dskea