A Nuclear Export Block Triggers the Decay of Newly Synthesized Polyadenylated RNA

Agnieszka Tudek, Manfred Schmid, Marius Makaras, J. David Barrass, Jean D. Beggs, Torben Heick Jensen
2018 Cell Reports  
Genomes are promiscuously transcribed, necessitating mechanisms that facilitate the sorting of RNA for function or destruction. The polyA (pA) tail is one such distinguishing feature, which in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae nucleus is bound by the Nab2p protein, yielding transcript protection. As Nab2p also contacts the main nuclear export factor Mex67p, we asked whether transport kinetics contributes to RNA sorting. Indeed, 3 0 end sequencing of newly transcribed pA + RNAs demonstrates that
more » ... ar depletion of Mex67p elicits their instant and global decay. A similar phenotype is evident upon inactivation of other export factors and proportional to the amount of nuclear pA + RNA. As RNA expression is partially rescued by Nab2p overexpression, we propose that an export block out-titrates Nab2p onto nuclear-retained pA + RNA, reducing the pool of Nab2p available to protect new transcripts. More generally, we suggest that nuclear RNA decay, negotiated by Nab2p availability, aids in balancing cellular transcript supply with demand.
doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2018.07.103 pmid:30157437 pmcid:PMC6130047 fatcat:km6pgp4hhvc37j2pef2zndmsjm