RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF CAUSES OF DEATH IN HIV INFECTED PATIENTS IN IMPHAL, MANIPUR, NORTH EASTERN PART OF INDIA
Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Manipur is a state located in North Eastern part of India with a huge burden of people living with HIV/AIDS. Studies of cause of death in this group of people is of utmost importance to determine the preventive strategies and to derive prognosis and to compare with trends in other parts of India and World. This study was conducted among the patients who were admitted to JNIMS Hospital. DATA AND METHODS A retrospective review of causes of death was undertaken among
... ertaken among HIV-infected patients who were admitted between January 2010 and February 2015 at Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India. Reported causes of death were coded as per the guidelines of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) to establish the cause of deaths to standard definitions. RESULTS Of the 1524 deaths registered over a period of 62 months, 249 deaths were HIV patients. Respiratory causes accounts for majority (35%), Hepatic causes including Hepato-Renal syndrome constitute 27%, Central Nervous System involvement excluding Tubercular meningitis were 14%. DISCUSSION Opportunistic infections were the major (42.57%) cause of death. Of the total number of deaths, 76% of them were male and 57% were from urban area; 55.8% of all deaths were having CD4 count less than 250.