Predicting Alzheimer's disease by classifying 3D-Brain MRI images using SVM and other well-defined classifiers
Journal of Physics, Conference Series
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia affecting seniors age 65 and over. When AD is suspected, the diagnosis is usually confirmed with behavioural assessments and cognitive tests, often followed by a brain scan. Advanced medical imaging and pattern recognition techniques are good tools to create a learning database in the first step and to predict the class label of incoming data in order to assess the development of the disease, i.e., the conversion from prodromal stages
... (mild cognitive impairment) to Alzheimer's disease. Advanced medical imaging such as the volumetric MRI can detect changes in the size of brain regions due to the loss of the brain tissues. Measuring regions that atrophy during the progress of Alzheimer's disease can help neurologists in detecting and staging the disease. In this thesis, we want to diagnose the Alzheimer's disease from MRI images. We segment brain MRI images to extract the brain chambers. Then, features are extracted from the segmented area. Finally, a classifier is trained to differentiate between normal and AD brain tissues. We discuss an automatic scheme that reads volumetric MRI, extracts the middle slices of the brain region, performs 2-dimensional (volume slices) and volumetric segmentation methods in order to segment gray matter, white matter and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), generates a feature vector that characterizes this region, creates a database that contains the generated data, and finally classifies the images based on the extracted features. For our results, we have used the MRI data sets from the Alzheimer's disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database 1 . We assessed the performance of the classifiers by using results from the clinical tests.