Improved Measurement of Particulate Retention in Simulated Stress Corrosion Cracks
This report documents proposed improvements to an apparatus for measuring flow rates and aerosol retention in stress corrosion cracks (SCCs). The potential for SCCs in canister walls is a concern for dry cask storage systems for spent nuclear fuel. Some of the canisters in these systems are backfilled to significant pressures to promote heat rejection via internal convection. Pressure differentials covering the upper limit of commercially available dry cask storage systems are the focus of the
... e the focus of the current test assembly. Initial studies will be conducted using engineered microchannels with characteristic dimensions expected in SCCs that hypothetically could form in dry storage canister walls. In a previous study, an apparatus and procedures were developed and implemented to investigate aerosol retention in a simple microchannel with an SCC-like opening of 28.9 gm (0.00110 in.). The width was 12.7 mm (0.500 in.), and the length was 8.86 mm (0.349 in.). These initial results indicated 44% of the aerosols available for transmission were retained upstream of microchannel However, limitations in the aerosol instruments available at the time of the preliminary study introduced known biases into the measurements. While these biases were identified and quantified, their presence introduced unwanted degrees of freedom into the measurements and reduced accuracy. Because these aerosol particle sizers (APS) were limited to sampling at atmospheric pressure, a mass flow controller was used to supply the sample upstream of the crack to the APS. The average line loss across all particle sizes for this mass flow controller was 50%. The sample downstream of the crack was delivered via a mass flow meter and caused a line loss of 20%. Another source of bias was using separate (but identical) instruments to measure the aerosols upstream and downstream of the microchannel, which could register up to 40% different when measuring the same sample stream.