Spin physics with CLAS and CLAS12

Angela Biselli, Atsushi Hosaka, Kanchan Khemchandani, Hideko Nagahiro, Kanabu Nawa
2011
An extensive experimental program to measure the spin structure of the nucleon has been conducted in Hall B at Jefferson Lab with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) in the last decade. Using a longitudinally polarized beam scattering off longitudinally polarized NH 3 and ND 3 targets, inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS), Semi-Inclusive DIS (SIDIS) and DVCS experiments were carried out that make a significant contributions to the existing data. The inclusive double spin
more » ... y A || was measured over a large range in Q 2 and W , providing data of impressively high precision that give a better understanding of the structure of the nucleon in the DIS and the valence quarks regions. Using parameterizations A 2 and F 1 from world data, the virtual photon asymmetry A 1 and the structure function g 1 were extracted in a Q 2 range from 0.05 to 5 GeV 2 and a W range from 1.08 to 3.0 GeV. As a result of the extended kinematical range, first moments of structure functions were measured over a large range in Q 2 and duality was tested. Furthermore, newly proposed experiments, using an upgraded accelerator at Jefferson Laboratory and an improved CLAS detector (CLAS12), are expected to increase the statistical precision of the current measurements and extend them to kinematic regions presently not accessible, such as high x. This will improve significantly our knowledge of the structure of the nucleon, including parton distribution functions, duality and higher twists contributions.
doi:10.1063/1.3647350 fatcat:h6kk2uyunnaihgemretx2me44e