RFSEN-ELM: Selective ensemble of extreme learning machines using rotation forest for image classification
Neural Network World
learning machine (ELM), as a new learning mechanism for single hidden layer feedforward neural networks (SLFNs), has shown its advantages, such as fast computation speed and good generalization performance. However, the weak robustness of ELM is an unavoidable defect for image classification. To address the problem, we propose a novel ensemble method which combines rotation forest and selective ensemble model in this paper. Firstly, ELM and rotation forest are integrated to construct an
... onstruct an ensemble classifier (RF-ELM), which combines the advantages of both rotation forest and ELM. The purpose of rotation forest here is to enhance the diversity of each base classifier which can improve the performance generalization. Then several ELMs are removed from the ensemble pool by using genetic algorithm (GA) based selective ensemble model to further enhance the robustness. Finally, the remaining ELMs are grouped as a selected ensemble classifier (RFSEN-ELM) for image classification. The performance is analyzed and compared with several existing methods on benchmark datasets and the experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm substantially improves the accuracy and robustness of classification at an acceptable level of training cost.