Effect of dobutamine on intrinsic myocardial function and myocardial apoptosis in septic rats with myocardial dysfunction
Background Dobutamine (DOB) has been recommended as the first-line inotrope for septic patients with low cardiac output, but its long-term impact on intrinsic myocardial dysfunction during sepsis remains unclear. This study investigated the long-term effect of DOB on intrinsic myocardial function and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in sepsis. Methods Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham and cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) groups. The intrinsic myocardial function and other organ
... n and other organ functions were measured at different time points, the inflammatory response and serum biomarkers of myocardial injury were also determined. In separate experiments, the effect of DOB (5 or 10 µg/kg) treatment on survival, intrinsic myocardial function, serum and myocardial cytokines and myocardial apoptosis were measured in septic rats. Results The mortality rate of septic rats was 70% on day 10 after CLP. At 6 h after CLP, the left ventricular ± dP/dt were significantly depressed, serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF) –α level, cardiac TNF-α, intercellular adhesion molecule and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) mRNA, and VCAM-1 protein levels were increased, but not serum cTnI, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP), creatinine and urea nitrogen concentrations as well as lung wet-dry weight ratios in CLP group compared with those in sham group. At 9 h after CLP, serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities were higher in CLP rats than controls. At 6 h after CLP, treatment with DOB did not affect the left ventricular ± dP/dt, the levels of TNF-α, interleukin (IL) − 1β and IL-6 in the serum and myocardium as well as cardiomyocyte apoptosis at 20 h after CLP. However, administration of 10.0 µg/kg DOB at 6 h after CLP significantly increased serum IL-10 level and improved survival in septic rats. Conclusions The intrinsic myocardial depression occurs earlier than hepatic and renal dysfunction in severe sepsis and serum cTnI, NT-proBNP and H-FABP are not suitable as an early biomarker for this kind of cardiac dysfunction. For septic rats, DOB treatment in the presence of intrinsic myocardial dysfunction neither improves myocardial function nor attenuates myocardial inflammation and cardiomyocyte apoptosis at the later stage of sepsis.