The Role of TEG Analysis in Patients with COVID-19-Associated Coagulopathy: A Systematic Review
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-associated coagulopathy (CAC), characterized by hypercoagulability and an increased risk of thrombotic complications, is an important consideration in the management of patients with COVID-19. As COVID-19 is a new disease, no standard of care for the diagnosis or management of its associated coagulopathy is yet established. Whole blood viscoelastic tests, such as thromboelastography (TEG® hemostasis analyzer), analyze whole blood to provide a complete
... a complete overview of the coagulation status. We conducted a systematic review of thromboelastography for management of patients with COVID-19, using MEDLINE (PubMed) and Cochrane databases. TEG® parameter measurements and clinical outcomes data were extracted for analysis. Our review found 15 publications, with overall results showing thromboelastography can identify and assess a hypercoagulable state in patients with COVID-19. Furthermore, utilization of thromboelastography in this patient population was shown to predict thrombotic complications. The benefits of thromboelastography presented here, in addition to advantages compared with laboratory coagulation tests, position thromboelastography as an important opportunity for optimizing diagnosis of CAC and improving patient management in COVID-19. Given that the benefits of thromboelastography have already been demonstrated in several other clinical applications, we anticipate that clinical data from future studies in patients with COVID-19 will further elucidate the optimal use of thromboelastography in this patient population.