Identification of the phosphorylation sequence in the cytoplasmic tail of the varicella-zoster virus Fc receptor glycoprotein gpI

Z Yao, W Jackson, C Grose
1993 Journal of Virology  
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) glycoprotein gpI, the homolog of herpes simplex virus gE, functions as a receptor for the Fc portion of immunoglobulin G. Like other cell surface receptors, this viral receptor is highly phosphorylated in cell culture. To identify the precise location of the cellular kinase-mediated phosphorylation, we generated a tailless deletion mutant and several point mutants which had altered serine and threonine residues within the cytoplasmic domain of gpI. The mutated and
more » ... ld-type genes of gpI were transfected and expressed within a vaccinia virus-T7 polymerase transfection system in order to determine what effect these mutations had on the phosphorylation state of the protein in vivo and in vitro. Truncation of the cytoplasmic domain of gpI diminished the phosphorylation of gpI in vivo. Examination of the point mutants established that the major phosphorylation sequence of gpI was located between amino acids 593 and 598, a site which included four phosphorylatable serine and threonine residues. Phosphorylation analyses of the mutant and wild-type glycoproteins confirmed that gpI was a substrate for casein kinase IH, with threonines 596 and 598 being critical residues. Although the mutant glycoproteins were phosphorylated by casein kinase I, protease V8 partial VOL. 67, 1993 on May 9, 2020 by guest
doi:10.1128/jvi.67.8.4464-4473.1993 fatcat:svkm6lt65fbohh5tac65b3nppm