Development of Rolling Technology for an Iron-Based Shape-Memory-Alloy

Christian Leinenbach, Christoph Czaderski, Julien Michels, Marcel Graf, Rudolf Kawalla
2016 Materials Science Forum  
Low cost Fe-Mn-Si based shape memory alloys (SMA) have drawn much attention during the last two decades as a cost-effective alternative to the expensive Ni-Ti based SMA. In particular, the alloy Fe-17Mn-5Si-10Cr-4Ni-1(V,C) (mass%), which has been developed at Empa shows very promising properties with regard to potential commercial applications in civil and mechanical engineering. This alloy has a higher reverse transformation temperature and larger thermal hysteresis in comparison to the Ni-Ti
more » ... ased alloys, which is adequate for producing stable recovery stresses at room temperature. Furthermore, recovery stresses of up to 300 MPa after heating to only 160°C can be achieved without so-called 'training' treatment. Furthermore, the alloy can be easily and cost effectively produced under standard air melting and casting conditions. For availability of these heavily microstructure dependent skills for civil and mechanical engineering, e.g. as prestressing elements in concrete structures or coupling/clamping devices, a process chain for manufacturing is necessary. Therefore, a hot and cold rolling technology for strip production with thermal heat treatment processes was developed at TU Bergakademie on base of experimental simulation results. The last one helps to understand the dependencies of deformation parameters, the deformation behavior and their influence to the microstructure evolution in correlation to the recovery.This paper discusses the basic material properties, recovery stress formation behavior and finally the feasibility of the alloy as reinforcing elements in civil engineering applications by using a rolling technology for flat products.
doi:10.4028/ fatcat:zuk4b4x2oncitmaqda73tawvsu