Disruption Of Proprioceptive Information During Electrical Stimulation Of The Cutaneous Afferents [article]

Natalija Katic, Josep-Maria Balaguer, Oleg Gorskii, Natalia Pavlova, Dzhina Karal-ogly, Dmitry Bulgin, Sergei Orlov, Pavel Musienko, Stanisa Raspopovic, Marco Capogrosso
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Restoration of proprioception with neurotechnology is critical to improve effectiveness of robotic neuro-prostheses. Unfortunately, after initial enthusiasm clinical results showed that unlike touch, proprioception could not be reliably induced. Here we show that concurrent activation of multiple sensory modalities may trigger unwanted sensory regulation mechanisms that disrupt proprioception. We recorded intra-spinal neural activity induced by stimulation of proprioceptive afferents from the
more » ... dial nerve in three monkeys. Then, we superimposed stimulation of the radial nerve cutaneous branch and quantified its impact on spinal neural activity via population analysis. Proprioceptive pulses produced robust neural trajectories in the neural manifold that were disrupted by concurrent stimulation of cutaneous afferents. This disruption correlated with a reduction of afferent volleys and multi-unit activity both in the spinal cord and somatosensory cortex. Our results suggest that limited specificity not only impacts localization of artificial percepts, but also their nature to an extent that was never considered.
doi:10.1101/2021.11.19.469209 fatcat:jyqtnnagmfh2bnqgnkbwk34ofq