New sources of botanical acaricides from species of Croton with potential use in the integrated management of Tetranychus urticae

Claudio A G da Camara, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Carolina A de Araujo, Marcilio M de Moraes, Joao P R de Melo, Maria F A Lucena, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Federal University of Campina Grande
2021 Boletin Latinoamericano y del caribe de plantas de medicinales y aromaticas  
Essential oils from the leaves and stems of Croton adenocalyx, C. grewioides, C. heliotropiifoliusand C. blanchetianusobtained through hydrodistillation were analyzed by GC-MS. We then investigated the lethal and sublethal effects of the Croton oils and 15 major constituents against Tetranychus urticae. β-Caryophyllene was the major component in the leaf and stem oils from C. heliotropiifoliusand C. adenocalyx. Spathulenol and (E)-anethole were the major constituents identified in the leaf and
more » ... tem oils of C. blanchetianusand C. grewioides, respectively. The oil with the greatest lethal and sublethal effects was those from C. adenocalyx. Among the constituents β-caryophyllene and spatulenol were the most toxic to the mite, whereas eugenol and methyl eugenol were the most repellent. The toxicity and repellency of the Croton oils, particularly the oils from C. adenocalyx, demonstrate that these oils constitute a promising alternative to synthetic acaricides for use in the control of T. urticae.
doi:10.37360/blacpma. fatcat:yrgjckjqqnadrata22rf6g3an4