The effect of environmental parameters on the incidence of Shigella outbreaks in Yazd province, Iran

Farzaneh Aminharati, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush, Abbasali Dehghani-Tafti, Mehdi Yaseri, Mojtaba Memariani, Zahra Rajabi
2017 Water Science and Technology : Water Supply  
Climate changes have a profound effect on human health, especially when infectious diseases are concerned. Variable factors including temperature, precipitation, and relative humidity directly influence the magnitude and frequency of water-borne pathogen transfers. In this study, we determined the long-term temporal trends and seasonal patterns of shigellosis and evaluated the effects of demographic and climatic factors on its incidence in Yazd province, Iran, during 2012 through 2015. The
more » ... ence of shigellosis was highest among patients in the age group of 6-20 years and peaked in every summer of the years studied, especially during August. Furthermore, there was a significant association between climatic variables (such as monthly temperature, humidity, and atmospheric dust) and the incidence of shigellosis. However, contrary to expectations, rainfall did not affect incidence of the disease. The transmission of Shigella to humans is a complex ecological process. Socio-economic factors and lifestyle behaviours need to be addressed in future studies.
doi:10.2166/ws.2017.205 fatcat:6f3n5ukhn5he5bvhmpv2xb2t2u