Effective Role of Beneficial Microbes in Achieving the Sustainable Agriculture and Eco-Friendly Environment Development Goals: A Review

Narendra Kumar Ahirwar, Ravindra Singh, Sadhana Chaurasia, Ramesh Chandra, Shailendira Prajapati, Sivakoti Ramana
2019 Frontiers in Environmental Microbiology  
Agriculture have a significant portion of the economies of world and therefore can contribute toward major continental priorities such as eradicating poverty, hunger, rapid industrialization, economic diversification, sustainable resource utilization, investments, and environmental management. Plant-associated microbiomes have tremendous potential to improve plant resilience and yields in farming systems. There is increasing evidence that biological technologies that use microbes or their
more » ... obes or their metabolites can enhance nutrient uptake and yield, control pests and mitigate plant stress responses. Microbiological achievements of recent years have emerged as powerful tool to improve quality attributes of sustainable agriculture and environmental health. The chemical fertilizers used in the agriculture to increase yields but kill microflora, pests, and weeds, it have a big harmful impact on the ecosystem. Because of current public concerns about the side effects of agrochemicals, there is an increasing interest in improving the understanding of cooperative activities among plants and rhizosphere microbial populations. The review deals with microbes in biotechnology and their diversified applications in agriculture as bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, bio-herbicides, bio-insecticides, fungal based bio-insecticides and viral based bioinsecticides. Finally, a brief highlight has been given on the role of microbiology on development of sustainable agriculture and environment friendly approach to increase crop production and environmental health.
doi:10.11648/j.fem.20190506.12 fatcat:cdksfuvbkbejjgebemzec3ijye