The Existing Methods and Novel Approaches in Mycotoxins' Detection

Edyta Janik, Marcin Niemcewicz, Marcin Podogrocki, Michal Ceremuga, Leslaw Gorniak, Maksymilian Stela, Michal Bijak
2021 Molecules  
Mycotoxins represent a wide range of secondary, naturally occurring and practically unavoidable fungal metabolites. They contaminate various agricultural commodities like cereals, maize, peanuts, fruits, and feed at any stage in pre- or post-harvest conditions. Consumption of mycotoxin-contaminated food and feed can cause acute or chronic toxicity in human and animals. The risk that is posed to public health have prompted the need to develop methods of analysis and detection of mycotoxins in
more » ... d products. Mycotoxins wide range of structural diversity, high chemical stability, and low concentrations in tested samples require robust, effective, and comprehensible detection methods. This review summarizes current methods, such as chromatographic and immunochemical techniques, as well as novel, alternative approaches like biosensors, electronic noses, or molecularly imprinted polymers that have been successfully applied in detection and identification of various mycotoxins in food commodities. In order to highlight the significance of sampling and sample treatment in the analytical process, these steps have been comprehensively described.
doi:10.3390/molecules26133981 pmid:34210086 pmcid:PMC8271920 fatcat:3nqw7ldzn5hoxmxv7vajl522ye