Ocular Trauma in Pediatric Population

Indrayani Jadhav, Nidhi Sohrot, Sohan Lohiya
2021 Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International  
Pediatric ocular trauma is the main challenge for ophthalmologists. It is the most crucial cause of monocular blindness. Thus, it is the main problem in public health management. This study is aimed to determine the clinical characteristics and visual consequences of ocular trauma. The ocular trauma with further complications can result in blindness. An immediate evaluation of the potential damage may be impossible because of vitreous hemorrhage or may be ill-advised because of hyphema or
more » ... to other ocular or orbital structures. Books like Comprehensive Ophthalmology by Dr. A K Khurana and various articles, WHO (World Health Organization) website, etcetera were referred for this review article. Trauma in pediatric age groups is more prevalent than that in adult age groups. The so, the male gender is more prone to such injuri females. This study concludes that trauma to eyes the is the leather dying cause of ocular morbidity, which can be avoided by simple measures. First aid and early treatment can cause a significant decrease in loss of vision due to ocular trauma. Thus, a little awareness in parents and guardians can help decrease loss and blindness in the pediatric population. Eye injury, if occurred in a closed eye, causes contusion or lamellar laceration, and if that happens in an open eye, then it can lead to rupture, perforation, or penetrating injury to the eyeball. Troma to the eyes is the leading cause of ocular morbidity, which simple measures can avoid. First aid and early treatment can cause significant decrease in loss of vision due to ocular trauma. Thus, a little awareness in parents and guardians can help decrease loss and blindness in the pediatric population.
doi:10.9734/jpri/2021/v33i60a34545 fatcat:a6gltwffqjfcfbnatvhwcsymfy