Official Russia and the Lithuanians, 1863-1905

Theodore R. Weeks
2000 Lithuanian Historical Studies  
The period between 1863 and 1914 in the Russian Empire is often described as one of 'russification'. In the case of the Lithuanians, this was a period characterized by the prohibition on publishing in the Lithuanian language in the Roman alphabet (until1904). At the time and in later historiography, it has frequently been claimed that the Russian authorities aimed to russify the Lithuanian nation. However, a look at archival sources reveals that the reality behind the term 'russification' was
more » ... ussification' was less ambitious and far more contradictory. Rather than aiming at the ethnic extinction of the Lithuanians, the Russian authorities attempted (with very little success) to gain Lithuanian support for 'the Russian cause' against the Poles.
doi:10.30965/25386565-00501004 fatcat:pyx3u5p32jcjjbhooj5myojjzu