Your WAP Is at Risk: A Vulnerability Analysis on Wireless Access Point Web-Based Management Interfaces

Efstratios Chatzoglou, Georgios Kambourakis, Constantinos Kolias, Konstantinos Rantos
2022 Security and Communication Networks  
This work provides an answer to the following key question: Are the Web-based management interfaces of the contemporary off-the-shelf wireless access points (WAP) free of flaws and vulnerabilities? The short answer is not very much. That is, after performing a vulnerability assessment on the Web interfaces of six different WAPs by an equal number of diverse renowned vendors, we reveal a significant number of assorted medium-to-high severity vulnerabilities that are straightforwardly or
more » ... y exploitable. Overall, 13 categories of vulnerabilities translated to 28 zero-day attacks are exposed. Our findings range from legacy path traversal, cross-site scripting, and clickjacking attacks to HTTP request smuggling and splitting, replay, denial of service, and information leakage among others. In the worst-case scenario, the attacker can acquire the administrator's (admin) credentials and the WAP's Wi-Fi passphrases or permanently lock the admin out of accessing the WAP's Web interface. On top of everything else, we identify the already applied hardening measures by these devices and elaborate on extra countermeasures that are required to tackle the identified weaknesses. To our knowledge, this work contributes the first wholemeal appraisal of the security level of this kind of Web-based interfaces that go hand in glove with the myriads of WAPs out there, and it is therefore anticipated to serve as a basis for further research in this timely and challenging field.
doi:10.1155/2022/1833062 fatcat:ornxy7r3rrbtrewj6yjywayyk4