Role of Projectile Degrees of Freedom in Sub-Barrier Fusion Dynamics
Brazilian journal of physics
This work theoretically investigates the role of the projectile degrees of freedom on the fusion dynamics of various heavy-ion fusion reactions. The impact of the projectile breakup channel is studied for the fusion mechanism of the 4 89 Be + 39 89 Y, 6 12 C + 39 89 Y, and 16 32,34 S + 39 89 Y reactions within the view of the coupled channel approach and the energy-dependent Woods-Saxon potential model (EDWSP model). The abovebarrier fusion cross-section data of the 4 9 Be + 39 89 Y reaction is
... 39 89 Y reaction is suppressed by about 20 % with respect to the theoretical predictions of the coupled channel approach and the single barrier penetration model while this suppression factor is reduced to 10 % within the context of the EDWSP model calculations. Such fusion hindrance at above-barrier energies can be understood in terms of the projectile breakup effects that arise due to its low breakup threshold. However, the observed fusion enhancement of the 6 12 C + 39 89 Y and 16 32,34 S + 39 89 Y reactions, wherein the colliding pairs are stable against breakup, is adequately explained by the EDWSP model and the coupled channel approach in the whole range of energy around the Coulomb barrier. This reveals that the energy dependence in the nucleus-nucleus potential governs barrier modification effects (barrier height, barrier position, barrier curvature) in closely similar way as reflected from the coupled channel formulation.