Neural spike sorting under nearly 0-dB signal-to-noise ratio using nonlinear energy operator and artificial neural-network classifier
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
We report a result on neural spike sorting under conditions where the signal-to-noise ratio is very low. The use of nonlinear energy operator enables the detection of an action potential, even when the SNR is so poor that a typical amplitude thresholding method cannot be applied. The superior detection ability facilitates the collection of a training set under lower SNR than that of the methods which employ simple amplitude thresholding. Thus, the statistical characteristics of the input
... of the input vectors can be better represented in the neural-network classifier. The trained neural-network classifiers yield the correct classification ratio higher than 90% when the SNR is as low as 1.2 (0.8 dB) when applied to data obtained from extracellular recording from Aplysia abdominal ganglia using a semiconductor microelectrode array. Index Terms-Extracellular recording, neural-network classifier, neural spike sorting, nonlinear energy operator, signal-to-noise ratio.