Introducing the new paradigm of Social Dispersed Computing: Applications, Technologies and Challenges

Marisol García-Valls, Abhishek Dubey, Vicent Botti
2018 Journal of systems architecture  
If last decade viewed computational services as a utility then surely this decade has transformed computation into a commodity. Computation is now progressively integrated into the physical networks in a seamless way that enables cyber-physical systems (CPS) and the Internet of Things (IoT) meet their latency requirements. Similar to the concept of "platform as a service" or "software as a service", both cloudlets and fog computing have found their own use cases. Edge devices (that we call end
more » ... r user devices for disambiguation) play the role of personal computers, dedicated to a user and to a set of correlated applications. In this new scenario, the boundaries between the network node, the sensor, and the actuator are blurring, driven primarily by the computation power of IoT nodes like single board computers and the smartphones. The bigger data generated in this type of networks needs clever, scalable, and possibly decentralized computing solutions that can scale independently as required. Any node can be seen as part of a graph, with the capacity to serve as a computing or network router node, or both. Complex applications can possibly be distributed over this graph or network of nodes to improve the overall performance like the amount of data processed over time. In this paper, we identify this new computing paradigm that we call Social Dispersed Computing, analyzing key themes in it that includes a new outlook on its relation to agent based applications. We architect this new paradigm by providing supportive application examples that
doi:10.1016/j.sysarc.2018.05.007 fatcat:l3opmdzatzh67oepoc7zwcjww4