Psycho-emotional profile of patients with vulvar lichen sclerosus
Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproduction
Aim: to assess the psycho-emotional profile in patients with vulvar lichen sclerosus.Materials and methods. We examined 57 patients with a diagnosis of vulvar lichen sclerosus, the average age of 35.0 ± 0.6 (from 18 to 45) years. The control group included 45 healthy women without dystrophic changes in the external genital organs, who applied for a routine examination. The following methods were used to analyze the psycho-emotional profile: WAM questionnaire (well-being, activity, mood),
... vity, mood), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI).Results. In patients with vulvar lichen sclerosus a decrease in indicators "well-being" (24.3 ± 1.7 versus 52.4 ± 5.6 scores) and "mood" (28.7 ± 3.6 versus 58.1 ± 6.1 scores) was revealed; "activity" was changed slightly (41.2 ± 3.2 against 47.4 ± 4.9 scores). Depressive (75.4 % versus 15.6 %) and anxiety (68.4 % versus 20 %) disorders were also more common in this group. Significant deterioration in the quality of life in patients was confirmed by a DIQL (18.79 ± 4.98 scores).Conclusion. Psycho-emotional profile of patients with vulvar lichen sclerosus is characterized by a change in most of the analyzed parameters. The presence of anxiety-depressive disorders can aggravate both the general somatic state and the course of the underlying disease. So activities aimed at improving the quality of life should be included in the rehabilitation of these patients.