Genetic and Epigenetic Regulation of Skeletal Muscle Ribosome Biogenesis with Exercise [article]

Vandré C. Figueiredo, Yuan Wen, Björn Alkner, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, Jessica Norrbom, Ivan J. Vechetti, Taylor Valentino, C. Brooks Mobley, Gabriel E. Zentner, Charlotte A. Peterson, John J. McCarthy, Kevin A. Murach (+1 others)
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
ABSTRACTRibosomes are the macromolecular engines of protein synthesis. Skeletal muscle ribosome biogenesis is stimulated by exercise, but the contribution of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) copy number and methylation to exercise-induced rDNA transcription is unclear. To investigate the genetic and epigenetic regulation of ribosome biogenesis with exercise, a time course of skeletal muscle biopsies was obtained from 30 participants (18 men and 12 women; 31 ±8 yrs, 25 ±4 kg/m2) at rest and 30 min, 3h, 8h,
more » ... nd 30 min, 3h, 8h, and 24h after acute endurance (n=10, 45 min cycling, 70% VO2max) or resistance exercise (n=10, 4 x 7 x 2 exercises); 10 control participants underwent biopsies without exercise. rDNA transcription and dosage were assessed using qPCR and whole genome sequencing. rDNA promoter methylation was investigated using massARRAY EpiTYPER, and global rDNA CpG methylation was assessed using reduced-representation bisulfite sequencing. Ribosome biogenesis and MYC transcription were associated with resistance but not endurance exercise, indicating preferential up-regulation during hypertrophic processes. With resistance exercise, ribosome biogenesis was associated with rDNA gene dosage as well as epigenetic changes in enhancer and non-canonical MYC-associated areas in rDNA, but not the promoter. A mouse model of in vivo metabolic RNA labeling and genetic myonuclear fluorescent labeling validated the effects of an acute hypertrophic stimulus on ribosome biogenesis and Myc transcription, and corroborated rDNA enhancer and Myc-associated methylation alterations specifically in myonuclei. This study provides the first information on skeletal muscle genetic and rDNA gene-wide epigenetic regulation of ribosome biogenesis in response to exercise, revealing novel roles for rDNA dosage and CpG methylation.GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT
doi:10.1101/2020.12.14.422642 fatcat:7r2vohcsyrdhbf2acy23ma347m