Meta-analysis of viscosity of aqueous deep eutectic solvents and their components

Gudrun Gygli, Xinmeng Xu, Jürgen Pleiss
Deep eutectic solvents (DES) formed by quaternary ammonium salts and hydrogen bond donors are a promising green alternative to organic solvents. Their high viscosity at ambient temperatures can limit biocatalytic applications and therefore requires fine-tuning by adjusting water content and temperature. Here, we performed a meta-analysis of the impact of water content and temperature on the viscosities of four deep eutectic solvents (glyceline, reline, N,N-diethylethanol ammonium
more » ... ol, N,N-diethylethanol ammonium chloride-ethylene glycol), their components (choline chloride, urea, glycerol, ethylene glycol), methanol, and pure water. We analyzed the viscosity data by an automated workflow, using Arrhenius and Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann-Hesse models. The consistency and completeness of experimental data and metadata was used as an essential criterion of data quality. We found that viscosities were reported for different temperature ranges, half the time without specifying a method of desiccation, and in almost half of the reports without specifying experimental errors. We found that the viscosity of the pure components varied widely, but that all aqueous mixtures (except for reline) have similar excess activation energy of viscous flow E-eta(excess)= 3-5 kJ/mol, whereas reline had a negative excess activation energy (E-eta(excess)= - 19 kJ/mol). The data and workflows used are accessible at
doi:10.5445/ir/1000130992 fatcat:lmn7tyziibhuxlp6fbj6vnueum